Хомеопатия при остри уши-нос-гърло инфекции

Хомеопатична и конвенционална терапия на остри дихателни и ушни оплаквания: сравнително проучване в доболничната помощ

Homeopathic and conventional treatment for acute respiratory and ear complaints: A comparative study on outcome in the primary care setting

Max Haidvogl, David S Riley, Marianne Heger, Sara Brien,Miek Jong, Michael Fischer, George T Lewith, Gerard Jansen, and Andr? E Thurneysen

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2006 March; 3(1): 145–147.
Published online 2006 January 26. doi: 10.1093/ecam/nek007
Published by Oxford University Press.

Abstract

Background
The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of homeopathy compared to conventional treatment in acute respiratory and ear complaints in a primary care setting.

Methods
The study was designed as an international, multi-centre, comparative cohort study of non-randomised design. Patients, presenting themselves with at least one chief complaint: acute (? 7 days) runny nose, sore throat, ear pain, sinus pain or cough, were recruited at 57 primary care practices in Austria (8), Germany (8), the Netherlands (7), Russia (6), Spain (6), Ukraine (4), United Kingdom (10) and the USA (8) and given either homeopathic or conventional treatment. Therapy outcome was measured by using the response rate, defined as the proportion of patients experiencing ’complete recovery’ or ’major improvement’ in each treatment group. The primary outcome criterion was the response rate after 14 days of therapy.

Results
Data of 1,577 patients were evaluated in the full analysis set of which 857 received homeopathic (H) and 720 conventional (C) treatment. The majority of patients in both groups reported their outcome after 14 days of treatment as complete recovery or major improvement (H: 86.9%; C: 86.0%; p = 0.0003 for non-inferiority testing). In the per-protocol set (H: 576 and C: 540 patients) similar results were obtained (H: 87.7%; C: 86.9%; p = 0.0019). Further subgroup analysis of the full analysis set showed no differences of response rates after 14 days in children (H: 88.5%; C: 84.5%) and adults (H: 85.6%; C: 86.6%). The unadjusted odds ratio (OR) of the primary outcome criterion was 1.40 (0.89–2.22) in children and 0.92 (0.63–1.34) in adults. Adjustments for demographic differences at baseline did not significantly alter the OR. The response rates after 7 and 28 days also showed no significant differences between both treatment groups. However, onset of improvement within the first 7 days after treatment was significantly faster upon homeopathic treatment both in children (p = 0.0488) and adults (p = 0.0001). Adverse drug reactions occurred more frequently in adults of the conventional group than in the homeopathic group (C: 7.6%; H: 3.1%, p = 0.0032), whereas in children the occurrence of adverse drug reactions was not significantly different (H: 2.0%; C: 2.4%, p = 0.7838).

Conclusion
In primary care, homeopathic treatment for acute respiratory and ear complaints was not inferior to conventional treatment.

The most frequently prescribed medicines in children were:

  1. Belladonna
  2. Pulsatilla
  3. Hepar sulphur
  4. Mercurius solubilis
  5. Phosphorus
  6. Bryonia
  7. Calcarea carbonica
  8. Lycopodium
  9. Sulphur
  10. Phytolacca.

The most frequently prescribed medicines in adults were:

  1. Hepar sulphur
  2. Belladonna
  3. Bryonia
  4. Lycopodium
  5. Kali bichromicum
  6. Mercurius solubilis
  7. Allium cepa
  8. Phosphorus
  9. Causticum
  10. Gelsemium

Д-р Юрукова

footer-picД-р Василка Юрукова е водещ специалист по вътрешни болести, хомеопатия, шуслерова терапия и биорезонансна диагностика. От 2000 година досега тя преподава хомеопатия на лекари и фармацевти в България, САЩ, Австралия и Нова Зеландия.

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